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tv   Headline News  RT  August 20, 2013 6:00am-6:30am EDT

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you've had a refund says the british government as a force of the newspaper at a center of the snowden surveillance leaks to destroy its trove of data we report on how far authorities are going to muzzle the media. syrian kurds surge across the rocky border fleeing attacks by al qaida linked rebels who see the war in syria becoming more than just about regime change. and with political and sectarian chaos wracking egypt its economy seems to have been for god and with the latest wave of violence threatening to cut off one of the country's main sources of income for tourism.
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it is two pm in moscow you're watching r t a marina joshie welcome to the program the british government it seems has had enough of the media's coverage of surveillance leaks and is taking action a u.k. newspaper at the forefront of spying revelations has been coerced into destroying computers containing data embarrassing to the authorities the justification that chinese spies might somehow find their way into the basement of the guardian's london offices are just as are silly reports now on what the newspaper is added to had to say. he had been contacted he said about two months ago by by government officials demanding the surrender or destruction of all materials in their possession relating to surveillance of the surveillance operations uncovered by edward snowden and then he said that a month later he was again contacted from what he calls quote unquote at the center of government in which he was told quote you've had your fun now we want the stuff
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back and he had written that there were subsequent meetings with certain officials certain government officials and in those meetings when he tried to explain that the guard would not be able to continue doing their jobs without this a crew over a day that they told him quote you have your debate there's no need to write any more and quote now this is he said also rusbridger said to the government that if the british government continues to legally block the guardian from doing what they are doing they'll simply do it outside of the country that he said that this is where it actually took what he calls a bizarre turn he says to g c h q a security expert says the intelligence agency of the u.k. oversaw the destruction of hard drives and computers in the basement of the guardian to making sure that there were not any pieces that could be handed on to chinese agents so this alan rusbridger the editor of the guardian described as a very surreal or bizarre encounter and despite all of these events what some are calling as intimidation from the government or is that it is disproportionate at
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the guardian insists that says that it will continue to report on the documents and the data that edward snowden had handed over to them and it's just incredible all of this comes just a day after the partner david miranda of a guardian journalist the guardian journalist working on snowden's materials is detained by authorities for nine hours. yeah that's right he was held at the heathrow airport when he was questioned but he says six different agents of david miranda explained that he was held for a very long time and he had talked about his experience and during that detention they were threatening me all the time in saying i would be prudent jail if i didn't cooperate they treated me like i was a criminal or someone about to attack the u.k. it was exhausting and frustrating i knew i wasn't doing anything wrong now why this is this has caused quite a doubt that if we look at the data from the home office they said that more than
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ninety seven percent of examinations under this specific law lasted less than an hour a lot of questions being raised as to why he was held for that amount of time and already politicians and including david anderson who is the independent. but legislation has been asking for an explanation on why the police have treated miranda this way why was it necessary to keep it in for as long as minor because at sixteen really unusual you're looking at no more than a very few dozen people a year who are kept for that length of time why was it that they wanted to question him the police are only allowed to ask questions aimed at determining whether somebody is a terrorist is that what they thought and if so on what basis now this as this story continues to develop and continues to unfold we're getting a glimpse of what appears to be how far the a british government is willing to go in order to get a hold of those information or destroy the data that the guardian has and just stop
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the reporting on the global surveillance and covered by edward snowden well reaction to mr miranda detention has been nothing short of an outcry and here's just a little of what's being said glenn greenwald cold and intimidation reporters without borders sat it was inexcusable amnesty international comma to say it was a petty and vindictive action by the u.k. the brazilian government to criticize the unjustified detention of its citizen author david swanson says david moran is the tangent as a warning to all journalists engaged in sensitive work. there will be exceptions there will be people like grant greenwald who say i'm inspired to continue all the harder and edward snowden and others but for the most part we are hearing journalists say my sources are drying up we're seeing journalists get scared and we're seeing journalists move aggressively to the side of the government the effect is going to be fear and intimidation the broadest effect and discrediting of the
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united states government but i think if you ask the u.s. government or the u.k. government if they're willing to talk about it they'll say they were trying to protect classified information and prayer prevent its publication but here is the root of the problem this information is classified because there are over classifying trillions of documents a year and there classifying all crimes and abuses and assaults on human rights and constitutional rights under the u.s. constitution we know what sort of information this is much of it has already been published by the guardian they are trying to cover up crimes and so there aren't two sides here there are there isn't the privacy side of the concern and then the government's concern too to rightfully protect classified information this is information that never should have been secret and it's secret only because it won't stand the light of day. america was notified ahead of the move that the u.k. intended to detain david miranda but says that the decision was london's alone
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lawyer and writer ever gone while that may be strictly true it's not the whole story this is clearly violating our concepts of what freedom of the press are i mean we're talking about a journalist and media outlet journalists who are now also being threatened intimidated their spouses partners as well being detained and interrogated and so clearly i mean there's been a decision made that anything related to edward snowden must the capture it no matter what violating anyone's rights the rights of journalists the rights of the media and basic civil rights in general we're talking about a search that's going on for edward snowden or for a searching capture as it were the knowing where he is and they're trying to get it by any means necessary and it's the united states is leading that effort it's not the u.k. and it's not of the european nations what i believe is that the washington to stand
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out there to all of its allies look anyone related to everett snowden must be detained if they come into your territory and the u.k. abided by that and did their duty so without a question washington is the sort of intellectual off there behind the detention of david and whether or not they were directly involved they were notified we know that the white house has admitted to that and that notification in itself shows that the u.k. felt they had to tell the u.s. hey look we got one of the guys you know it was that they were looking for the approval of the united states which i'm sure they got. obama vowed that there are plenty of checks and balances on n.s.a. surveillance to keep the agency in line but an internal audit shows thousands of interceptions each year that are illegal even by the agency's admission so how did it become so powerful. investigates inside america. the national security agency i was she rolls her overstepped its legal authority the n.s.a. is a big scary surveillance monster that knows everything we do propelled to mainstream
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news headlines by controversy the n.s.a. is still largely shrouded in mystery and now headquartered in a fort meade army base in maryland trumps even the cia as america's most secretive intelligence agency now the n.s.a. doesn't have spies out in the field instead there are more than thirty five thousand employees who pore over e-mails computer searches phone calls and personal data and while it's by laws state the n.s.a. is only to conduct foreign intelligence the agency has taken a massive turn toward spying at home but the n.s.a. wasn't always so intent on spying on americans it began under a different name in the one nine hundred thirty s. as a secret cryptologic service that broke foreign enemy codes in wartime the attack on pearl harbor pushed america to take intelligence more seriously in world war two the agency's missions including to ciphering communications from both nazi germany and the japanese navy and to encrypt american messages but then came the cold war
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the very people that they were ripped to work for. creating their freedom and with the cold war the formal birth of the n.s.a. in one nine hundred fifty two president truman authorized the creation of the agency to coordinate communications intelligence the spy center was so secret at the time the joke was the initial stood for no such agency decades before the agency was collecting massive amounts of phone and internet records it was collecting telegraph records in an operation that raised similar legal issues and worries about the lack of oversight in fact its existence wasn't even publicly acknowledged by the government until the one nine hundred seventy s. the watergate scandal brought america's domestic spying to light what. counterintelligence object. was it to originating in opening the mail what most of us would assume the. very. american in one nine hundred seventy five event senator frank church had warned that the n.s.a.
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spying powers could come to haunt american citizens capability at any time could be turned around on the american people. and no american would have any privacy left such as the capability to monitor everything telephone conversations telegrams it doesn't matter. there would be no place to high in one nine hundred seventy eight the government passed the foreign intelligence surveillance act to force the n.s.a. to get warrants from special courts before it could spy within the u.s. but with the fall of the soviet union the n.s.a. is mission seemed less urgent but nine eleven which changed everything terrorism became target number one the n.s.a. would get a big budget manumission president bush would go on to sign an order launching the n.s.a.'s domestic spying program and telecom companies were secretly approached by the government and asked to participate in two thousand and six it was revealed that the n.s.a. had been secretly collecting the phone call records of tens of millions of americans using data provided by a.t.m. tea horizon and bell south the n.s.a.
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had been tapping into people's lives well since then scandal after scandal would keep the n.s.a. in the spotlight what began as a small organization responsible for making and breaking codes would evolve into a super secret multibillion dollar agency with a capacity to pry into every aspect of americans lives and as edward snowden's leaks would eventually show that is person i slowly what it did there's a cow fan of our team moscow. massive floods are still sweeping across russia's far east the region's main city does its most to to fan itself from the advancing waters as we continue to bring you the real life stories from the devastated area. iraq is facing an unprecedented influx of refugees almost thirty thousand people have crossed its border with syria since thursday the lion's share of those displaced are kurds found themselves caught in the middle of the war and other
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teams policy are now reports it's another sign of the conflict can be contained within syria. the exodus shows no signs of slowing down and it's straining both very resources as well as those of iraqi relief agencies thousands of syrian kurds are pouring into iraq's thomas kurdish region now when we talk about the kurds we're talking about the largest minority group in syria they make up roughly about ten percent of the country's twenty three million they have no state of their own which is why they reside in parts of syria turkey and iraq the main concern that is being expressed by would be fakin seizes that so many of them are now stuck out in the open at the border or at emergency reception areas with little to no access to basic services and nearly half of them are children these kids are not fleeing the clashes between government forces and rebels but they're running away from the spin
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off of this conflict their escape into the raging battle between kurds and islamised militia for control of large areas of northern syria where these kurds live as this kurdish journalist explains. regions where the militia of the islamic state of iraq reside how free security because islamists began to campaign against the kurds who are using to join their ranks ethnically cleansing. the town of columbia does seem the ethnic cleansing operations begin on the twentieth of july when militants launched attacks against kurdish villages saying members of the kurdistan workers' party were hiding their al-qaeda linked groups are reportedly aiming to set up an islamicist area on islamist region in this particular area this anti could push is that surviving syrian rebels and they accuse the kurdish fighters of siding with the regime of syrian president bashar
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assad but that is an allegation that the kurds deny they say that they are neutral in this whole conflict that goes well beyond borders well we spoke to her some harm and our leave the kurdistan democratic party representative in new york and he believes that the assault on the kurdish territories is aimed at undermining a political solution to syria's bloody conflict. some international powers especially turkey are taking a stand against the kurds and support attacks from all kinds of links and the islamic state of iraq and the leavened it also won't start till or attacks against the kurds to give these groups the upper hand and this comes at a time when we should be moving towards peace negotiations where a solution to the syrian crisis should be discussed as well as the kurdish issue the rebels have links to foreign states who have their own agendas in syria they want chaos in the area to show that syria is far from stability. while you're
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watching r.t. live from moscow stay with us as we've got more news after a short break. with. science technology innovation all the latest developments from around russia we've got the future covered. you know sometimes you see a story and it seems so you think you understand it and then you glimpse something else you hear or see some other part of it and realize everything you thought you knew you don't know i'm tom harpur welcome to the big picture. choose your language. of holy week you know if you're going to kill someone.
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with the consent you. choose to opinions that immigrate to. choose the stories that impact your life choose the access to. welcome back this is r.t. egyptian authorities have detained the head of the country's muslim brotherhood mohamed badie this comes as a new report by human rights watch accuses the country's military of unlawful mass killings and its crackdown on pro-democracy supporters the watchdogs investigation claims police are deliberately using lethal force on protesters who don't pose any threat violence afflicting the entire country has caused a rise in militancy on the sinai peninsula near the border with israel the latest
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attack there seemed twenty five police officers ambushed and executed and israel is beginning to feel the effects of the chaos across the border as former israeli diplomat your i'm adding your explains tel aviv is going to stand by the military government in egypt because it prefers that turn as long as democracy. and military regime in arab countries as betty that is and it is bad it's non-democratic it's dictatorial but it's much much much better then a regime which is terrorist inclined the muslim brotherhood has an agenda which transcends egypt transcends in fact even the muslim world it's a terror organization which has few elements which are always also civilian in nature the military click on the other hand has an agenda limited to egypt and therefore for the sake of regional stability for the sake of the world at large and
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for the sake of israel i believe it's much better to have a military regime rather than a muslim brotherhood regime in egypt. now the u.s. has a span of military aid to egypt as of models whether to admit there was a coup in the country and the supply is completely well that's according to a senator's office e.u. foreign ministers are also set to review their loan contract and as egypt's economy plunges deeper into crisis amid the unrest one of the country's top sources of income tourism is now under threat. business reporter katie pilbeam is here to tell us more. well indeed tourism looks like it's going to take a huge hit there is a tell us how important this industry is for the country yet it's hugely important it makes up twelve percent of egypt's g.d.p. that's equivalent to what u.s. manufacturing contributes to the u.s. economy as well as one in eight egyptians in the industry in and around it whether
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it's in a hotel restaurant or taxes or just this week it's been a bad week because we've had museums and architectural sites being closed down but let's just have a demonstration as to how those numbers have declined you'll be able to see that in twenty ten the year before the revolution the industry was booming with a record fourteen it interested by thirty percent of g.d.p. at that point one in seven egyptians what it plummeted q nine and twenty eleven and is yet to recover a rebound was expected. estimations have now been revised the violence has taken off again so as you can see that it's been a small time these two years absolutely and there's been warnings come out in abundance from all sorts of countries germany austria sweden switzerland even russia now saying you know if you have to go then do so but try to avoid it but the thing is as you saw i mean with as we have seen we've seen ups and downs in flows
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of tourists there but right now it's not really as you said a safe time to go and russian foreign minister in fact issued a statement saying that to all the tour operators to stop selling tours to. because just a while before i mean the tours were really really cheap and a lot of people in fact did go but right now this is indeed going to stop now let's talk about the financial terms and money how much money is egyptian economy set to lose by you don't not having all these people all these stores coming in billions will says twenty eleven they've already lost two point five billion dollars if the violence continues to escalate we're looking at three billion by the end of the year that's incredibly substantial when you consider that the egyptian economy is in a fragile state is it isn't because of the violence over the last two years they've had to rely on international aid they managed to accumulate twelve billion from the gulf states but now those loans are lying in the balance because the political situation is obviously different now we know that as you mentioned from the u.s.
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i'm certain about those negotiations are going on from the e.u. as well i wanted to mention the fact that company is jumping ship to lot of companies beside in the region a lot of oil and gas ones the the general motors as well as shell all that they too are issuing warnings to their employees either sending people hi i'm saying. operations or just issuing warnings to say. so it's not just the hospitality industry it's just affecting other industries and big business as well and the overriding concern is investment into the region because we know egypt is very much reliant upon that they have suffered if you downgrades recently as well from credit rating agencies to this we don't want the investors fully in the direction of the us which is very predictable i mean they're not going to wait for a long time yeah and it's a situation because it's partly economics that started this in the first place and it was just getting even more vicious economic uncertainty political uncertainty
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all that makes together is not actually putting the country on a good position for investors kitty pilgrim thank you so much for explaining things to us. and you're watching our taking to live from moscow to other stories now one of the biggest cities and business hubs in russia's far east is in danger of being swamped by the most powerful flood the region has seen in more than one hundred years how bar of skin is now on the front line in the fight against a delusion which is expected to deal its hardest blow to the area in the next few days and as our reports the aftermath will be felt long after the water recedes. to many in russia's far east the misery continues homes uninhabitable lives turned upside down around thirty thousand people have seen their property submerged causing a logistical headache for authorities r.t. traveled with emergency crews as they conducted one patrol in the village of bella goody. this resident dismissing the chance to leave choosing to remain with her
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fifteen cats i will leave my pads and they don't evacuate cats wait we do take pets that's all you would do and i also wanted my books in my records to be rescued no sorry there is just no room for books well there is no point buy new ones once it's over so i'm here to the beater and. the emergency services work isn't restricted to aiding just humans these bears were tricky customers but can at least now enjoy dry land after days in this half submerged cage. we feed these beers twice a day in the morning and in the evening we've got fodder for them at the moment rescuers efforts are relentless there's no rest bite but there are fears the situation could deteriorate we expect things to get a bit worse right now it depends on how much excess water they're going to dump and there's their hydro power station local emergency crews are getting support not just from other regions and volunteers but also the military the defense ministry
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says almost five thousand personnel are in the region as well as seven hundred thirty military vehicles such as this which helps them get to even the remotest of regions there are also bloats planes and helicopters now it's not just accusations that have been concerning emergency services in recent weeks they've also been reinforcing people's properties and a number of temporary manmade dams have also sprung up including this one just outside the city of black investments with tentative reports suggesting water levels in some parts of the region have already peaked the some faint optimism the worst is over. once the water recedes the real extent of the damage will be revealed causing new an untold challenges to the hundreds of people affected here. the move region. mother nature has also hit turkey forest fires in the west of turkey have destroyed three hundred seventy have to reserve woodland in just one day the blaze broke out in twenty three places across the region and were fanned by
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high winds several homes were evacuated but no casualties have been reported firefighting helicopters and hundreds of ground forces have now managed to bring the flames under control. tokyo electric power company has admitted that container at the crippled fukushima nuclear plant have leaked three hundred tons of contaminated water radiation levels in sea around the power plant have been found to be at their highest ever radioactive water which is used to cool the reactors is reportedly leaking from underground tanks at the stricken facility storing the water has been a growing problem since may and radiation of the area is now thousands of times above safe levels. army prosecutors are demanding that private bradley manning spend the majority of his remaining life in custody asking the judge to give him sixty years in prison his attorney argued for short of salman saying manning deserves to have
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a life the whistleblower responsible for the biggest leak of classified data in u.s. history was found guilty of twenty charges back in july. coming up here in our team here the stories of those who have endured harsh and often illegal police interrogations in the united states. what defines a country's success. faceless figures of economic growth. for
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a factual standard of living. a normal life these are the faces of this type you. should have you with us here on our t.v. today i'm wrong researcher.
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the crime is that of. viola manville a seventy four year old woman found dead on the twenty ninth of november one thousand nine hundred eighty eight along this dirt track. dozens of suspects will be questioned and all will be released including frank stirling seen in this photograph. two years later detectives trained by reed reopen the case and are convinced frank is guilty. a few years earlier his brother had been sentenced to prison for raping viola manning and frank sterling is thought to have wanted revenge. the police are relentless and press sterling until he cracks on the eleventh of july one thousand nine hundred ninety one and exhausted frank sterling admits to the mudda his confession is recorded.